The latest construction trends are becoming more and more eco-friendly. The focus is on sustainable design, which can reduce the environmental footprint of building materials. Lets dive in and have a look at some of the latest trends emerging in the Construction World
1. Passive solar building design
It's not for nothing that passive solar building design is such a hot topic in modern architecture. The benefits are many, and few other elements can match the advantages of this style of construction. Passive solar energy is the byproduct of taking one simple step: designing a structure to take advantage of its geographic location.
A passive solar building operates on the idea that some parts of a building will be sunny all day, while others will be shady for most or all of the day. By using this knowledge to your advantage, you can create three different types of zones within your home - shaded areas for coolness and privacy, sunny areas for light and warmth, and transitional zones where temperature adjustments can be made during different times throughout the day.
2. LEED certification
The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System is a certification program that evaluates the design, construction, and operation of buildings to increase energy efficiency.
There are many benefits to having a LEED Certified Building: cleaner air, higher property values, better employee morale, reduced operational costs.
As of December 2017 there are more than 4700 sites with LEED designation from 153 countries throughout the world.
3. The use of geothermal energy
Geothermal energy is heating and cooling that results from the natural heat of the Earth.
Geothermal heating and cooling is a sustainable way to regulate temperature indoors because it does not rely on fossil fuels or major electricity. The Earth's temperature remains relatively stable at 50-55 degrees because of its large mass, which retains heat and coolness.
Fossil fuels are used to produce electricity, which has many adverse effects on the environment. Geothermal energy can be used to generate electricity in a renewable way, with very few negative environmental impacts.
The use of geothermal energy can help us reduce dependence on fossil fuels and combat climate change by reducing carbon emissions.
4. Biophilic Design
We all know that nature has some therapeutic effects on us. Studies have shown that people are more productive and happier when they are in natural surroundings. This is what biophilic design is all about. It is important to keep the external environment in mind while making decisions about an office layout or designing a home.
Biophilic design revolves around the idea that humans are affected by their surroundings in a subconscious way. The idea is derived from the Greek word "philia," which means love, and "bios," which means life. Biophilic design includes bringing nature into the built environment, and hence, is also known as biomimicry.
5. The use of green roofs
Green roofs are a form of roofing that is designed to create habitats for plants and animals, mitigate stormwater run-off, and reduce cooling costs of buildings.
A green roof is a type of low-impact development (LID) that improves air quality by removing pollutants, reduces the urban heat island effect in cities, and provides habitat for animals and plants. They also offer many other environmental benefits such as reducing storm water runoff pollution, increasing insulation value to conserve energy use in buildings, and providing additional recreational space for humans.
Some of these have been around for quite some time, but are only now emerging and being used to reach it's full potential.